Terna, Orion's calendar


Terna, Oerion's calendar
making: hand made, replica archeological find
replica: replica archeological find
material: ceramics (gray) , terracotta (color)
dimension: 11cm (height), 9cm (upper opening), 11.50cm (side widest diameter)
orgin: Croatian products
use: Croatian souvenir / gift product
Code: 153


The Vučedol culture (3000 – 2200 BC) appeared in the area of Eastern Slavonia.

The right shores of the Danube in Eastern Croatia, at the beginning of the third millennium before Christ, were settled by inhabitants of the Vučedol culture. This is the time of the Sumerian period in Mesopotamia, the ancient kingdom of Egypt and early Troy. Consequently, dating back to this period is the oldest Indo-European calendar, known today as “Orion”.

The engraved decoration on a vessel (terna), which was found in the Vučedol layer in Vinkovci and whose origin dates back to 2600 BC, depicts the most complete Indo-European calendar based on astral symbolism with relevant constellations for all four seasons. Constellations that symbolise the individual seasons are shown at dusk as the first features in the evening sky (Orion, Pleiades, Gemini, Pisces, Cassiopeia, Cygnus). The common depiction of the Sun, without any depiction of the Moon, confirms the complete absence of lunar symbolism, which is actually an Indo-European feature.
Archaeologists found this vessel on 21 March 1978 at the location of today’s hotel “Slavonija”. Twenty years later, it was confirmed that the engraved decorations depict the constellations that dominate the night sky above Vinkovci, specifically:

1. Spring: Orion and Sun
2. Summer: Pleiades, Cassiopeia and Cygnus
3. Autumn: Pleiades, Gemini and Pisces/Pegasus
4. Winter: Pleiades, Gemini, Pisces/Pegasus, Cassiopeia and the predominantly winter constellation Orion


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